Valves : Principles, Operation & Designs is designed to provide you with a complete understanding of construction details and functioning of valves . This understanding is a prerequisite for successful operation of your plant and piping systems . Valves of various designs and applications are encountered nowadays throughout petroleum refining, petrochemical and process industries as well as in power generation and environmental engineering . Learn how to size and select a control valve when designing and operating any piping system for both gases and liquids . Know the principles of operation of common valve actuators (pneumatic, hydraulic, electrical, etc) Know how to convert a single acting spring return actuator to a double acting actuator and vice versa .Authentication failed. Unique API key is not valid for this user.